Charles Correa – Kanchanjunga Apartments, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai, 1970-1983


studente: Hakki Can Özkan

Correa’s penchant for sectional displacement accompanied where appropriate by changes in the floor surface, is at its most elaborate in the 28-story, Kanchanjunga apartments completed in Bombay. Here Correa pushed his capacity for ingenious cellular planning to the limit, as is evident from the interlock of the one and a half story, split-level, 3 and 4 bedroom units with the two and half  story 5 and 6 bedroom units. Smaller displacements of level were critical in this work in that they differentiated between the external earth filled terraces and the internal elevated living volumes. These subtle shifts enabled Correa to effectively shield these high rise units from the effect of the both the sun and monsoon rains. This was largely achieved by providing the tower with relatively deep, garden verandahs, suspended in the air. Clearly such an arrangement had its precedent in the cross-over units of Le Corbusier’s Unit habitation built at Marseilles in 1952, although here in Bombay the sectional provision was achieved without resorting to the extreme of differentiating between up and down-going units. Whole structure is made of reinforced concrete. The building is a 32-storeyed reinforced concrete structure with 6.3m cantilevered open terraces. The central core houses lifts and other services also provides the main structural element for resisting lateral loads. The central core was constructed ahead of the main structure by slip method of construction. This technique was used for the first time in India for a multi-storeyed building. With its concrete construction and large areas of white panels, bears a strong resemblance to modern apartment buildings in the West. However, the garden terraces of Kanchanjunga Apartments are actually a modern interpretation of a feature of the traditional Indian bungalow: the verandah.  In a bungalow, the verandah wraps the main living area.



1974 ‘Apartments’, Architecture Plus, New York – March, p. 26
1980 ‘Report from India: Current work of Correa’, by H. Smith, Architectural Record, New York – July, pp. 88-89
1980 ‘Contemporary Asian Architecture’, Process Architecture – 20, Tokyo – November, pp. 94-118
1982 ‘Open the Box’, by Jim Murphy, Progressive Architecture, New York – October, pp. 100-104
1983 ‘Kanchanjunga Apartments’, Architect, Melbourne – December, pp. 12-13
1985 ‘Charles Correa: Inspirations Indiennes’, Techniques & Architecture, Paris – August, pp. 106-117
1985 ‘Edificio residenziale a torre a Bombay’, by C. M. Pierdominici, Cemento, Rome – Oct., pp. 642-651
1991 ‘Espacos para a India’, by C. Dibar/ D. Armando, Arqitectura Urbanisma, Buenos Aires, Dec., pp. 44-51
1999 ‘Cultural Motifs- Charles Correa’ by Amy Liu, ‘Space’, Hong Kong, November, pgs 104-105 & 109-117

1990 After the Masters, by Vikram Bhatt & Peter Scriver, Mapin, Ahmedabad, pp. 64 – 67
1999 Outside Architecture, by Susan Zevon, Rockport Publishers, Massachusetts, pp. 27 – 29
2000 World Architecture, A Critical Mosaic 1900-2000, Vol. 8, South Asia, Ed. Rahul Mehrotra,
Pub. China Architecture and Building Press and SpringerWienNewYork, pp. 172 – 175
2000 Asian Architects 2, Edited by Tan Kok Meng, Select Publishing Pte Ltd, Singapore, pp. 110 – 111
2002 Sky High Living, Contemporary High Rise Apartment and Mixed Use


6 Responses to “Charles Correa – Kanchanjunga Apartments, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai, 1970-1983”

  1. om Says:

    hi.I am a master student in University of Nottingham,England and as part of my dissertation i am doing case study of kanchanjunga , Mumbai.

    If you can help me in this regard then i ll be grateful to u..

    Thanks and waiting for ur positive & swift reply


    • rosslabindia Says:

      this blog collect works of students.
      if you need more informations you can contact directly Correa.

  2. Gaurav Says:

    Simply Amazing!!!!

  3. Patel Ekta Says:

    hello.. I m going to present this amazing apt. before my classmates.. N I know they are going to enjoy my presentation….

  4. […] Location: Mumbai, India Project Year: 1970-1983 References: Charles Correa Associates Website, Identity Housing Photographs: Charles Correa Associates #gallery-1 { margin: auto; } #gallery-1 .gallery-item { […]

  5. […] Charles Correa – Kanchanjunga Apartments, Cumballa Hill …Dec 3, 2009 … Charles Correa – Kanchanjunga Apartments, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai … However, the garden terraces of Kanchanjunga Apartments are actually … […]


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